Links to Family and Personal Preparation for Biological Chemical Nuclear or Terrorist Attack

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Family and Personal Preparation for Terrorist Attack
Last Updated: 15 January 2009Link check: 15 January 2009

Initial Listing. We invite expert opinion and suggestions for additions.

Index to Sections on Page
What To Do and How to Prepare
Safe Rooms Protected Space/Shelters
Food and Water Storage and Safety
Health Issues Related to Biological and Chemical Warefare
General Preparation and Safety - Major Listings of Sites
News updates, events, articles, conferences, downloads



Sites Giving Detailed Lists and Instructions on What and How to Prepare
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  • Family-Individual, Businesses, Kids(soon) Readiness
    READYAMERICA U.S. Department of Homeland Security.
    Family/individual: Survival Kits, Make a Plan as to what to do depending on where you are, Be Informed on possible threats
    Business: Plan to Stay in Business, Talk to Your People, Protect Your Investment
  • American Red Cross Preparedness Information
    Terrorism--Preparing for the Unexpected covers the following topics:
    Power Outage
    Family Disaster Planning
    Animal Safety
    Financial Preparations
    Minimize Property Damage and Financial Risks
    Children & Disasters
       Educational Games
       How To Help Child Cope
       Special Needs & Concerns
    The Elderly and People with Special Medical Concerns
    Business & Industry Guide
    Emergency Planning - A step-by-step approach to emergency planning, response and recovery for companies of all sizes.
  • American Red Cross Family Disaster Planning (PDF) Containing tips and information on steps to take to safeguard your family. Family Disaster Planning | Disaster Supplies Kit | Food Supplies Storing Supplies | Water Storage | Your Evacuation Plan Looking for a Home | Food and Water in an Emergency
    Includes foreign language versions.
  • Prepare.org info for Persons With Disabilities, Seniors, Children, Pets, Basic Preparedness
    ALSO IN LARGE PRINT.
    In 12 Languages

    Very Complete. Maintained by American Red Cross Bay Area.
  • Emergency and Disasters page - Health Canada
  • Prepare Yourself and Your Family... Check lists for Before, During and After an Emergency, Inforamation aabout agents, threats and hazards, Responding to Stress.
  • FEMA - An In-depth Guide to Citizen Preparedness Also in Spanish. Available on line in pdf form and as a book which can be ordered. Covers :Why Prepare, Basic Preparedness, Natural Hazards, Technological Hazards, Terrorism, Recovering From Disaster, Food and Water Conservation, Disaster Supplies Checklist,
  • Emergency Food and Water Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
    Assemble A Disaster Supplies Kit Lists of basic supplies needed in an emergency and other advice
  • FEMA For Kids How to be prepared for disasters and prevent disaster damage. Children can take an active role in disaster education and preparedness.
  • The Humane Society of Canada - PROTECTING YOUR FAMILY AND PETS AGAINST TERRORISM Very detailed and helpful information.
  • A Practical Guide by the Bureau of Diplomatic Security United States Department of State Responding to A Biological or Chemical Threat. U.S. Department of State. Advice on how to handle suspected chemical or biological contaminants for the individual and family.
  • Frequently Asked Questions: Personal Protection & Chemical or Biological Terrorism The Henry L. Stimson Center. Gives some answers to the questions: What should I do, what are the signs, what precautions, where to turn, if to purchase antibotics, if to buy a gas mask
  • A public health guide to emergency planning
  • Helping Your Children Cope in Your Protected Space Point by point discussion by Israeli psychologist on preparing children for war. Provided as a public service by israelpr.com
  • FEMA on Animals and Emergencies: Pets: Before and After a Disaster Strikes. Published by Ready Together New Jersey.
  • Personal Disaster Preparedness Guide by Hope Coalition America. Both English and Spanish versions available at OperationHope.org Vital information which each individual should prepare about your family and how to reach local first-responders, information about other contacts, and about yourself and each member of the family. Will be useful in any emergency and as a reference for babysitters, house or pet sittears and neighbors.



    Links on Protected Space/Shelters & Safe Rooms
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    VERY IMPORTANT:A well sealed safe room has a limited amount of oxygen which will not be sufficient for a number of individuals for more than a very limited number of hours. It is important not to have a flame of any kind in the room as this will rapidly deplete the amount of oxygen. See recommended floor space in a room per person for a specified number of hours.
  • Frequently Asked Questions about sheltering-in-place FEMA Ready America
  • Tips for Safe Room from Author of Page Some observations from the Gulf War sitting in a safe room in Tel Aviv.
  • What to do during a hazardous materials incident FEMA information on what to do before, during and after an incident including information on sealed room.
  • FEMA - The Value Of Early Safe Room/In-Ground Shelter Awareness includes FAQs about a sealed room.
  • Sealing a Safe Room National Terror Alert.
  • Effectiveness of duct tape and plastic sheeting (PDF) Issues Related To Expedient Shelter-In-Place. Prepared by OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY, U.S. August 2001 for the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program.

    The overall conclusion is that the importance of effective taping at the edges of plastic sheeting and effective taping at other points of entry is crucial to reduce the amount of air exchange from the outside regardless of the materials used. One study mentioned indicated that the experiments with direct contact with liquid agents showed a somewhat linear relationship between the thickness of the plastic sheeting and certain liquid agents (the thicker the sheeting, the longer the time for penetration of the liquid but there is no data on aerosols or vapors. "The data shows that at thickness of 10 mil [equivalents: 10 mil = 0.010 inch = 0.254 mm = 254 micron] or greater, the plastic sheeting provided a good barrier for withstanding liquid agent challenges, offering better protection against VX than for H."
    But the conclusion drawn by the authors in the light of all the data reviewed points to the effectiveness of plastic sheeting and effective taping regardless of materials as a barrier to air exchange into a safe room.
    For measurement conversions, see convertme.com - Distance and Length


  • How to Create a Safe Room Captain Dave's Survival Center. "A safe room is intended to offer protection from a chemical or biological incident by minimizing the amount of the agent that enters the room, thereby reducing or eliminating its effect on the occupants."

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  • Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
    Food and Water in an Emergency
  • FOOD CONTAMINATION AND DECONTAMINATION NATO Manual FM 8-10-7 Appendix F. Food Protection and Decontamination from NBC attacks
  • DETECTION AND TREATMENT OF CONTAMINATED WATER Appendix E
  • Source: Field Manual Table of Contents HEALTH SERVICE SUPPORT IN A NUCLEAR, BIOLOGICAL, AND CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT TABLE OF CONTENTS
  • Water: Storage and Emergency Use (pdf) According to family, nutrition and food science, food safety specialists, Utah State University.



    Health Issues Related to Biological and Chemical Warefare
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  • Chemical Agents - Indiana State Department of Health. Description of major agents used in chemical warfare. See Signs and Symptoms and also section on Decontamination in particular.

    Health Issues related to Biological and Chemical Warfare


  • U.S. Center for Disease Control information on the following including symptoms and generalized treatment Smallpox Ricin Botulism VX Sarin Cyanide Radiological Emergencies Anthrax
  • SEVEN STEPS FOR PREPAREDNESS IN CASE OF BIOLOGICAL AND CHEMICAL EMERGENCIES WHOSEA World Health Organization Regional Office for South-East Asia. Includes: Poison information centers in the South East Asia Region, Laboratory facilities in the South East Asia Region. Also see fact sheets list at Fact sheets
  • National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine Bioterrorism and CAM: What the Public Needs To Know. In summary: while complementary and alternative medicine "...may prove beneficial for some illnesses, and is a focus of much research funded by NCCAM..., there is no scientific basis to believe that CAM is likely to be of value against virulent infections spread by biological weapons.

    Diseases like anthrax and smallpox progress too rapidly for our immune system's natural ability to control them. Simply stated, these diseases can kill us before our immune system can rally to defend against them. While many CAM practices do have a place in treating other conditions, especially in relieving symptoms, and in improving one's quality of life, in the case of bioterrorism, there is no CAM practice that has been shown to sufficiently stimulate the immune system to fight these deadly diseases. Nor do any dietary supplements or other CAM products have the potency to eliminate highly lethal microorganisms and toxins, once they have entered our systems." see FTC Cracks down on Marketers of Bogus Bioterrorism Defense Products


  • Chemical Terrorism Preparedness and Response Card from New York State Department of Health Biological (Listing) Chemical (Listing) Radiological Emergencies Preparation & Planning Emergency Response Lab Information Mass Trauma Public Inquiries English (888) 246-2675 Espanol (888) 246-2857 TTY (866) 874-2646 Mon-Fri 8am-11pm EST Sat-Sun 10am-8pm EST
  • NATO Handbook NATO HANDBOOK ON THE MEDICAL ASPECTS OF NBC DEFENSIVE OPERATIONS Covers many areas and concerns in depth.
  • World Health Organization (WHO) Health Aspects of Biological & Chemical Weapons Plus the publication: Public health response to biological and chemical weapons: WHO guidance. 2nd edition, 2001 Russian version (Chapters 1-6)
  • index "This web page is WHO's latest contribution to informing the public. It includes frequently asked questions about biological and chemical agents as well as links to other relevant information from WHO."
  • eMedicine: Emergency Medicine - Warfare Emergency Medicine - Warfare - Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear And Explosives
  • Guidelines for Mass Casualty Decontamination During a Terrorist Chemical Agent Inscident "Principles of Decontamination: Expect a 5:1 ration of unaffected:Affected Casualties, Decontaminate ASAP; Disrobing is Decontamination - top to bottom, more the better; Water flushing generally is the best mass decon method; After known exposure to liquid agent, first responders must self-decontaminate as soon as possible to avoid serious effects." Report prepared by U.S. Army Soldier and Biological Chemical Command (SBCCOM) January 2000.
  • Rapid Field Decontamination - Handling Casualties and Decontamination (pdf) Rapid Contingency Plans for Responding to Victims of a Chemical Attack. Office of Public Health and Environmental Hazards, U.S. October 2001

    General Preparation and Safety - Major Listings of Sites
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  • U.S. Center for Disease Control information on the following including symptoms and generalized treatment Smallpox Ricin Botulism VX Sarin Cyanide Radiological Emergencies Anthrax
  • Google Listing - Biological and Chemical Terrorism Links to related sites including preparedness, response, prevention, medical and safety materials
  • Excite Directory Listing of Emergency Preparation Sites 41 sites as of 29 October 2004
  • Biological and Chemical Terrorism DMOZ Open Directory Project listing relevant sites.
  • up-to-date comprehensive (slow to open but worth it) Comprehensive list of internet sites for emergency planning, Weapons of Mass Destruction, Emergency Management and Medical Web Sites
    State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations Department of Health.
  • Jim Placke's NBC-LINKS Impressive listing and resource locator


    News updates, events, articles, conferences, downloads to top


  • Reuters ALERTNET Up-to-date News. "AlertNet provides global news, communications and logistics services to the international disaster relief community and the public. Reuters 150 years' experience reporting from disaster zones around the world allows AlertNet to give disaster relief organisations reliable information, fast."
  • Emergency Net "24 Hour News, Information, Analysis and Coverage of Disasters and Major Emergency Events All news articles appear here first, before being moved to the specialty pages for long-term archiving and reference purposes."
  • Federal Emergency Management Agency News (FEMA) - all the current FEMA news
  • CBS News Disaster Links Containing links to web sites covering different categories of disasters and emergencies
  • Disaster News Network Disaster News Network (DNN) is a news service that tells the story of disaster response and suggests appropriate ways the public can help survivors. It also facilitates information sharing among disaster responders. How to Help, Preparedness, Farm Disaster, Public Violence
    Regular News Services
  • BBC NEWS
  • New York Times
  • CNN News
  • WORLD CNN News
  • EUROPE CNN News
  • ASIA CNN News

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