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Update: 31.01.18   Link Check: 4.06.07


Generally accepted and reappraisal views


  • Request For Some Hard Science
  • Reappraisal View
  • Generally Accepted Views

  • __________________

    Request For Some Hard Science     top

    Having been immersed during the last 20 years in computer science, I had no background in a subject which has become one of the major crises facing the world. In working with it to find out what was happening, how to prevent HIV/AIDS from spreading, and most importantly, what was being done worldwide, I had progressed quite far when I accidentally ran across a site which said that maybe we were not being told everything that we should know about HIV/AIDS.

    As I read, it appeared that in over 36 years of research, no causal connection has ever been established between HIV and AIDS. And secondly, people were dying from AIDS who were in fact HIV negative. Then, I read several articles by immunologists and virologists who disputed the connection between HIV and AIDS, and that those who were in the opposing camp (allegedly my camp) would not debate or answer the claims. I was beginning to realize that there was a fight going on between two groups who believed fervently in their view of reality. What was becoming clearer, the more I read, was that one side had amassed a lot of facts which did not add up and a lot of questions, and the other responded as if to say 'this is the way it is, and if you don't accept it than you are on the outside'. From a scientific standpoint, it was disturbing. Then it became clear that the tests being used to establish whether or not a person had HIV, which was supposed to cause AIDS, were inaccurate and were not even supposed to test for HIV, but for the existance of antibodies which were not even specific to the HIV virus if it existed. Further, it appears that a whole list of conditions, diseases, and substances can cause the production of the same results (HIV positive).

    Added to this was the fact that those drugs, which in some cases were being forced on people, had many very serious side effects, and that in some cases themselves may have been the cause of death. AZT had been developed to kill cancer cells in the lab only. Studies used to determine the value of specific drugs in combating HIV and the onset of AIDS have been flawed in major ways, totally invalidating the findings. But the advocates and the drug companies have brushed these aside and continued to recommend their use regardless.

    The last straw perhaps was when I learned that on the basis of inaccurate tests for HIV, children were forcibly taken from mothers who refused to give antiviral drugs to their babies, and HIV positive mothers were being persuaded not to breast feed. Further, there was a plan to give drugs to all pregnant women on the basis of even less evidence than the tests, for instance in Africa, and mothers who are HIV positive are to be given the drug Nevirapine during the birth process, and the baby to be given the drug after birth - a drug for which we have insufficient knowledge as to its effects, its ability to actually reduce the transmission of AIDS from mother to child.

    All of this places this site in a difficult position. We want to provide the knowledge necessary to be of some help in the current crisis. However, it is becoming evident that even if the recipient countries of the current campaign are helped in some way, the help may fail simply because it is given for the wrong reasons or the emphasis is being put in the wrong place, placing many individuals at risks they would not otherwise face.

    There are many other things which can be done to help the situation without resorting to the use of toxic drugs, and a definition with its stigma which may in fact be inaccurate at best and destructive at its worst. What is desperately needed is someone who has the power to clarify the situation, to call for the conduct of well run truly scientific studies, to adequately question the basis of the theory, and to call for a full independent evaluation of the tests used to establish HIV, and on the real effect of the drugs which are being prescribed. This must be someone from within the so called 'AIDS establishment' who has the authority to call for such measures and with the participation of both sides, to set the record straight for this and future generations.
    In the meantime, we have decided to present both sides - the currently accepted view, and the dissenting (reappraisal) view in the hope that some good will ensue for those who will be the main subjects of what would appear to be a heartrending experiment for many individuals involved.

    Reappraisal View of HIV/AIDS

    Reappraisal View of HIV/AIDS

    Reassessing HIV/AIDS
    In-depth Examination
    Sites For Help & Info
    Drug Rappraisal
    HIV/AIDS drugs
    What is AIDS
    HIV: How contagious
    HIV/AIDS symptoms
    What can be done
    What can I do

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    A hard look at the HIV/AIDS hypothesis, HIV testing, and drug therapy

  • Kicking The Sacred cow: Questioning the Unquestionable and Thinking the Impermissible by James P. Hogan, Baen Books, New York, 2004. Chapter six: Closing Ranks - Aids Heresy In The Viricentric Universe
  • Introduction to the AIDS controversy Take a short tour of the issues and what you should know
  • OR Rethinking AIDS Read: 'A Closer Look at AIDS'
  • Who agrees with the controversy Eminent biochemists, microbiologists, physicians and others give their views on HIV, AIDS and the drugs used.
  • Why HIV does not cause AIDS The Perth Group - Biophysicists and others.
  • Mere smoke of opinion: Aids and the Making of the Public Mind Inaugural lecture of the Chair of International Communication, University of Salford, England UK 1995. Important today as it was then by its analysis of the part in which the media plays in the conception which we have of AIDS and the HIV=AIDS connection.
  • HIV TESTS CANNOT DIAGNOSE HIV INFECTION "The AIDS industry and the media want you to think there are only a handful of scientists who doubt the HIV-AIDS theory. Here's the reality, more than 2000 people who have questioned some or all of the connection between HIV and AIDS, including a large number of doctors and scientists".
  • Other viewpoints questioning the existence of Aids

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    In-depth discussion and examination of the AIDS controversy

  • Is HIV the cause of AIDS? Dr. Eleni Papadopulos, a biophysicist and leader of a group of HIV/AIDS scientists from Perth in Western Australia
  • The African AIDS Epidemic... New and Contagious - or - Old Under a New Name? Peter Duesberg to the AIDS panel, 6/22/00
  • WHAT REALLY CAUSES AIDS? Toxicologist & Pathologist Toxi-Health International, 2003
  • The HIV-AIDS Hypothesis—30 Years Later Professor Peter Duesberg presents at the 2015 International Academy of Oral Medicine and Toxicology Annual Conference in Las Vegas, Nevada.
  • Disproving HIV/AIDS theory, Feb 2018 HIV/AIDS Skepticism (blog) Pointing to evidence that HIV is not the necessary and sufficient cause of AIDS. Posted by Henry Bauer, author of the book 'The Origin, Persistence and Failings of HIV/AIDS Theory' (McFarland, 2007),
  • Skepticism about HIV and AIDS, 2009 blog "... the accumulated data from two decades of testing in the United States demonstrates beyond doubt that whatever HIV tests detect is not the cause of AIDS. "
  • HIV Does Not Cause AIDS letter published in the British Medical Journal about his book 'Get All The Facts: HIV does not cause AIDS' by Mohammed Ali Al-Bayati, Jan 2001
  • Re: Stop Giving People Toxic Drugs: HIV Does Not Cause AIDS Response April 2002 British Medical Journal (BMJ) Alexander H Russell AIDS Researcher Mike Verbey-Elliot, Dr Stefan Lanka. The Huw Christie Memorial Prize: £10,000 Reward for 'HIV' Offered by Alexander Russell 5th April 2002
  • RethinkingAIDS see in particular About RethinkingAIDS
  • Concerns about HIV/AIDS Testing and Measurement" by Alberta Reappraising AIDS Society. See below for scientific quotes regarding AZT & other AIDS drugs (collectively known as HAART).
  • Causes of a False Positive HIV Test Updated: Aug 14, 2017
  • Factors Known to Cause False Positive HIV Antibody Test Results indicating HIV positive results without any connection to HIV or AIDS. 1996
  • MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION OF HIV AND ITS PREVENTION WITH AZT AND NEVIRAPINE A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE EVIDENCE. The Perth Group pdf August 2008 "Conclusion - At present, no proof exists that children become infected by their mothers either in utero or post partum with a unique human retrovirus, HIV or this can be prevented by AZT or nevirapine."
  • Official Website of Peter Duesberg Professor of Molecular and Cell Biology at the University of California, Berkeley. "On the basis of his experience with retroviruses, Duesberg has challenged the virus-AIDS hypothesis in the pages of such journals as Cancer Research, Lancet, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Science, Nature, Journal of AIDS, AIDS Forschung, Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapeutics, New England Journal of Medicine and Research in Immunology. He has instead proposed the hypothesis that the various American/European AIDS diseases are brought on by the long-term consumption of recreational drugs and/or AZT itself, which is prescribed to prevent or treat AIDS."
  • The AIDS dilemma:... Duesberg, Peter & David Rasnick, The AIDS dilemma: drug diseases blamed on a passenger virus. Genetica 104: 85-132, 1998
  • Toxi Health International See: 'Causes and Pathogeneses of AIDS worldwide' on site index (left side) for bibliography and links on probable causes of HIV/AIDS

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    Sites for Help and Information

  • aliveandwell site AIDS Alternatives - information, help, reading lists, and links.
  • MOMM Mothers Opposing Mandatory Medicine - MOMM provides information and peer support to current and expectant mothers with concerns about HIV testing and pharmaceutical AIDS treatments, and offers facts on healthy childbirth, breastfeeding, and non-toxic immune therapy with the goal of enabling mothers to make truly informed choices about these important issues.

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    Reappraising AIDS Drugs

    AZT: Unsafe at Any Dose? Alberta Reappraising AIDS Society AZT, also known as Zidovudine, ZDV and Retrovir..."

    Concerns about HAART (Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy) Multiple anti-HIV drugs therapy. Alberta Reappraising AIDS Society

    Anti-HIV/AIDS Drugs

    A list of current HIV medicines FDA-Approved HIV Medicines

    One of the drugs widely used in preventing mother to child transmission of AIDS Nevirapine (Viramune)
    Medication Guide Generic name: nevirapine tablets and oral suspension
    In Spanish Guia del Medicamento VIRAMUNE® (VI-ra-miun) Comprimidos VIRAMUNE® Suspenion oral Nombre generico: comprimidos y suspension oral de nevirapina

    Detailed description of other drugs used
    Drug treatment of HIV - Drugs.com Concise description of many of the drugs used to combat HIV. Also see: Symptoms and complications Drug treatment of complications and Preventative measures

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    What is AIDS

    Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
    Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)

    Jan 2017. If you have any doubts about AIDS, this is a must read Beware of Hoaxes Involving Viruses

    Editor's comments
    After 36 years of research, we still do not know. Unlike viruses or retroviruses found for most diseases, the HIV retrovirus itself has never been isolated and tested to determine if it is capable of replicating itself (one necessary proof of a virus). It has only been inferred to exist on the basis of antibodies normally found when a disease is present as a line of defense. However, these antibodies are also found in other conditions, diseases and in response to certain inert substances. It is suggested that the HIV virus kills off these antibodies or immune cells which protect the system.

    Aids itself which is the loss of sufficient antibodies to create an immune deficiency, supposedly the result of the action of HIV on the body, has been identified as different groups of previously known diseases or conditions of the body. Basically it is the onset of certain opportunistic diseases or noninfectious conditions which take advantage of a weakened immune system. It has been suggested that this can be tested using a number of simple tests. However, not one of the current tests actually tests for the presence of HIV. They test for the presence of antibodies. However, when uncontrolled for all of the other possible causes of a lowered immune system other than HIV, these tests can not adequately be used to indicate anything specific.

    Further, there has not been any experimental data which has ever established a causal link between HIV and AIDS. Another additional point is that the level of CD4 or T cells in the body is highly variable over time. Finally, the onset of the AIDS condition may be immediate or over a period of years or never - all of which makes HIV, if it exists, a very poor predictor of anything which has been identified as what might be called AIDS in any particular country.

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    How contagious is AIDS
    This is problematic. HIV as the state of having a certain type of antibodies does not appear to be very contagious in the common sense of the term. It has been stated by everyone that simply living with an HIV positive individual - sharing bed, food, cups, cigarettes, kissing, coughing, spitting, swimming in the same pool, etc. is safe. It is hypothesized that the transmission is through sexual contact or the direct transfer of blood.


  • most spouses of HIV positive individuals do not get the disease even over a long period, and even without practicing safe sex.
  • health workers who as a group contract sexually transmitted diseases without other preconditions directly through contact with blood or accidental needle pricks (hepatitis B and C among others) significantly more than the general population, rarely if ever get HIV.
  • Evidence suggests that all babies carry the antibodies produced by the mother including the antibodies against HIV after birth. But as with all antibodies transferred from mother to child, they are generally lost by the child within a certain period after birth (up to 9 months in general and as much as 21-22 months for the antibodies claimed to be associated with HIV). A small percentage retain what are labeled as HIV antibodies after this period and it is not known if this is an indication of the HIV virus or a reaction to other conditions, diseases or chemicals.

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    What are the signs and symptoms of HIV and AIDS

    Again the symptoms depend on the county and the circumstances. HIV has no symptoms as such and is generally only identified by a test which as stated above does not test for the presence of HIV but the presence of antibodies which may indicate the presence of HIV. The onset of AIDS symptomology is dependent on the particular opportunistic disease which takes over. In many cases this is a combination of known illnesses and without the proper treatment for these illnesses, the result can be fatal. A number of drugs have been developed to treat AIDS, or have been developed for other purposes and are being used to inhibit the growth of the virus supposedly by reducing its ability to develop and replicate (see below Antiretroviral Drugs for more exact description, and therefore strengthen the immune system reducing the possibility of the onset of AIDS. It is suggested by some researchers that these do more harm than good, and that other methods of dealing with the disease or the opportunistic diseases and conditions of AIDS would be more beneficial. The drugs which have been used to treat HIV or in other words to restore the level of CD4 or T cells and to reduce viral load have not been proven to do this and some argue that they may be implicated in the onset of the AIDS condition itself. In any case, it has been found that no current drug has been able to reduce the presence of HIV entirely, or its transfer from one person to another.

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    What can be done

    At the end of the current experiment in Africa, communities will have gone through a horrific regimen of toxic drug taking, sex education most of which will not be used, the ostracism of many individuals because of labeling, and the spending of millions on drugs and delivery systems. It may be that the community will be no more developed, or self sustaining, or viable as a community than it was in the beginning.

    What can be done?

    Test for the actual opportunistic diseases being globally labeled as AIDS and treat these diseases the way they should be treated to obtain the best results.

    Place pregnant women on nutritious diets and supply multi-vitamin therapy to ensure and improve the integrity of the body in pregnancy and the growth of the embryo, and the viability and health of the milk in subsequent breast feeding.

    Run the tests and studies which are necessary to prove the causal connection or lack thereof between HIV and the plethora of diseases which have been bundled into the AIDS basket.

    Instead of attempting to teach children how to use condoms which in most cases will never be used, or will not be teachable to those who will need it before experimentation due to parental and official sanctions, teach them basic health practices, adequate nutrition and balanced food preparation, growing techniques and harvesting of food stuffs necessary as a basis for good nutrition.

    Develop support systems for those who have become orphaned by the diseases which are still so rampant in parts of the developing world.

    Place more emphasis in the growth and survivability of those who have been orphaned and involve them in all of the development activities so that they will play a positive supportive function in the community and will develop a strong sense of belonging to the community which has been broken by the loss of parents.

    Supply simple but effective clean water and basic sanitary systems which can be maintained by the community.

    Provide mandatory free basic education for each child through the 7th grade.

    Supply computers and outside communication so that every community no matter where it is, is connected to the outside world and can use it for teaching, learning, communication, and the development by the youth of the skills needed for survival, growth and development in this century.

    Place more funds into family planning facilities which will provide women with much more than just the advice not to have too many children.

    Set up micro economic schemes which will provide the basis for young entrepreneurs both males and females to provide self support for their families and growth potential for their communities.

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    What can a concerned person do

    The most important step is to be as informed as possible. Most people will tell you what they believe in good faith but no one has all of the answers. If you feel that your life or the life of someone you love is at stake, or if you feel that you are in a position to make changes, than you owe it to yourself and everyone else to impartially consider all of the facts and make your own decision.

    Do not let others make that decision for you. And once you have made an informed decision, the next step is to do everything in your power to follow that decision.

    Generally accepted view of HIV/AIDS

    Generally Accepted View

    Information sites
    Major Organizations
    What is being done
    Effect on community
    Can it be controlled
    What can I do
    Current world picture
    Available Treatments
    Donate to fight AIDS
    References and Links
    AIDS News Sites

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    Information sites for dealing with or protecting yourself and loved ones

  • AVERT.org Article: Evidence that HIV causes AIDS. Extensive and well referenced discussion against denialists and for the existence of HIV as the cause of AIDS even though at the end the author(s) state "There is no single scientific paper that proves HIV causes AIDS. Instead there are tens of thousands of papers containing a wide range of evidence that, taken together, make the case overwhelming."
  • AIDS infonet.org The AIDS InfoNet is a project of the New Mexico AIDS Education and Training Center in the Infectious Diseases Division of the University of New Mexico School of Medicine
  • AMFAR American Foundation for AIDS Research: Prevention - Facts about HIV/AIDS
  • staying-alive.org
  • Divisions of HIV/AIDS Prevention CDC National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention
  • Center for Disease Control - Frequently Asked Questions CDC National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention - Divisions of HIV/AIDS Prevention
    The CDC National AIDS Hotline can provide more information and referrals to testing sites in your area. The Hotline numbers are 1-800-342-2437 (English), 1-800-344-7432 (Spanish), or 1-800-243-7889 (TTY).
  • eMedicine HIV/AIDS eMedicine's concise description of HIV/AIDS and medical treatment
  • Overview HIV and AIDS - Drugs.com

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    Organizations which are funding and managing the education, research, and development in the fight against HIV/AIDS worldwide

  • UNAIDS.org "UNAIDS' mission is to lead, strengthen and support an expanded response to HIV and AIDS that includes preventing transmission of HIV, providing care and support to those already living with the virus, reducing the vulnerability of individuals and communities to HIV and alleviating the impact of the epidemic."
  • USAID US Agency for Int'l Development leading the fight against HIV/AIDS
  • The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis & Malaria
  • AFREHET Africa Action Organization
  • UCFS HIV InSite - University of California San Francisco
  • World Bank Group AIDS website for World Bank Group
  • WHO HIV / AIDS Programme
  • AIDS Vaccines Initiative (IAVI) AIDS Vaccines Initiative (IAVI), a non-profit organization established by the Rockefeller Foundation in 1996. IAVI's mission is to ensure the development of safe and effective vaccines for use throughout the world by stimulating investment and demand.

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    Examples of What is Being Done and by Whom

  • The latest on the HIV / AIDS Front HIV and AIDS News ScienceDaily
  • USAID's Efforts to Prevent Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV
    "On June 19, 2002, President Bush announced his Initiative on Prevention of HIV in Mothers and Children. The initiative will build on existing prevention of mother-to-child-transmission programs implemented by the U.S. Agency for International Development and Health and Human Services by:

    * Providing HIV screening and counseling to pregnant women
    * Administering antiretroviral drugs (such as a single dose of nevirapine) to the mother and infant
    * Providing assistance to new mothers and families, including support for safe infant feeding
    * Starting women and their spouses on full antiretroviral therapy, based on their health status and the capacity of the health care system

    In addition, the initiative will build public health infrastructure, by:
    * Pairing U.S. hospitals with African and Caribbean counterparts to facilitate the training of prevention, care and treatment programs
    * Attracting and helping to place volunteer medical professionals from the U.S. to train local health professionals
    * Supporting non-governmental organizations to help expand existing programs, and create new public-private partnerships aimed at preventing mother-to-child transmission and helping families" The existing programs include:
    Improvement of antenatal services.
    Voluntary and confidential counseling and testing services.
    Short-course antiretroviral prophylaxis for HIV-infected pregnant women.
    Counseling and support for safe infant feeding practices.
    Strengthened health, family planning, and safe motherhood programs.

  • The World Bank Group Projects Worldwide
  • The World Bank Group Overview - World Bank Intensifies Action Against HIV/AIDS
  • NGOs involved in The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis & Malaria

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    What effect does it have on the family and the community

    Hope for African Children Initiative Community-based action for children and families affected by HIV/AIDS source "Our approach is both local and practical. It begins by mobilizing the community, designating a guardian for each child, ensuring that children go to school, securing access to food, providing legal assistance to ensure property rights, and preparing children for their future. "

    "The first line of defense is to enable children to stay in schools so that they may learn the skills to care for themselves. Interventions to help them remain in school must address the specific factors that cause them to drop out. These include school expenses, vocational training fees, the need to care for parents or younger siblings and the need to compensate for lost income. Successful interventions include the following:

  • changing policies regarding fees or requirements for uniforms (or providing the necessary uniforms or school supplies)
  • paying school or training fees
  • providing at least one meal a day at school
  • constructing school facilities or providing needed equipment in exchange for admitting vulnerable children
  • arranging half-day school hours to permit students to work
  • arranging apprenticeships with local artisans

  • Children on the Brink USAID - Executive Summary Updated Estimates & Recommendations for Intervention By Susan Hunter and John Williamson source

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    How can it be controlled

    UN Aids Opportunity in Crisis (English French Spanish) To find original: Search for "opportunity in crisis" UNICEF, UNAIDS and WHO report focuses on the population most important in the stemming of the AIDS epidemic - the young people. Indicates that planning, fund allocation and information resources must target this group which is often overlooked in order to finally conquer AIDS.

    Excerpt from Young People...(page 25)
    "Many adults fear that informing young adolescents about sex and teaching them how to protect themselves will make them sexually active. In surveys from Cambodia, Haiti, Malawi and Zimbabwe, at least 40 per cent of adults felt that children aged 12 to 14 should not be taught to use condoms.
    But a review of more than 50 sex education programmes around the world found that young people are more likely to delay starting their sexual activity when they are provided with correct information about sexual and reproductive health. And when they do start having sex, they are more likely to protect themselves against unwanted pregnancy and STIs including HIV."

    Excerpt from Young People... (page 19)
    Young people have the right:
  • To know about sex and their sexuality
  • To know the basic facts on HIV/AIDS and have the necessary life skills to protect themselves from HIV and other STIs
  • To know their HIV status
  • To know how to protect themselves if they are living with HIV/AIDS
  • To know where to get medical, emotional and psychological support if they are living with HIV/AIDS
  • To know how to protect their peers and families from HIV
  • To know how to protect those in their communities who are living with HIV/AIDS
  • To know about and participate in HIV education programmes tailored for youth
  • To know their rights and entitlements, and the commitments that governments have made to them
  • To know how to protect, claim and realize these rights. "
    Young people must be encouraged to delay sexual activity. When they become sexually active, they must be given the tools to practice safer sex.
    A Abstain from sex/delay the first sexual experience
    B Be faithful to one partner
    C Consistently use a latex condom properly." (page 7 Young People...)

    "Young people lack information
    New studies from across the globe have established that the vast majority of young people have no idea how HIV/AIDS is transmitted or how to protect themselves from the disease...

    Misconceptions about HIV/AIDS are widespread among young people.... Surveys from 40 countries indicate that more than 50 per cent of young people aged 15 to 24 harbour serious misconceptions about how HIV/AIDS is transmitted." (page 7 Young People...)

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    What can a concerned person do

    The most important step is to be as informed as possible. Most people will tell you what they believe in good faith but no one has all of the answers. If you feel that your life or the life of someone you love is at stake, or if you feel that you are in a position to make changes, than you owe it to yourself and everyone else to impartially consider all of the facts and make your own decision.

    Do not let others make that decision for you. And once you have made an informed decision, the next step is to do everything in your power to follow that decision.

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    What is the picture worldwide

    source UNAIDS/WHO "AIDS Epidemic Update: December 2006 Complete report English Fran?ais P?????? Espa?ol German UNAIDS homepage

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    What are the drugs, how good are they and how to get hold of them

    Antiretroviral drugs
    Antiretroviral drugs inhibit the growth and replication of HIV at various stages of its life cycle by either 1. blocking an enzyme needed to reproduce and replicate HIV of which there are two types: (ex. Viread - tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (DF) TDF or Bis(POC) PMPA ) and (ex.AZT - Retrovir, zidovudine or ZDV), or 2. binding to the enzyme and preventing it from converting RNA to DNA hence blocking replication (ex. Viramune - nevirapine NVP), or by 3. interrupting HIV replication at a later stage in its life cycle and causing HIV particles to become disorganized structurally (ex. Invirase - saquinavir SQV HGC) A specific combination of three or more of these antiretroviral drugs is called (HAART) Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy. All act to lower the amount of HIV in the blood thus possibly increasing the antibody count and hopefully improving the immune system in its defense against HIV infection. (Condensation of Drug treatment of HIV - Drugs.com )

    emedicine HIV/AIDS source eMedicine Consumer Journal, December 13 2001, Volume 2, Number 12

    emedicine HIV Infection and AIDS (professional) source eMedicine Journal, January 23 2002, Volume 3, Number 1

    UNAIDS.org UNAIDS 2004 Report on the global AIDS epidemic

    "Antiretroviral (ARV) drugs are needed in order to combat HIV directly and are an important part of a comprehensive approach to addressing the epidemic. They do not cure AIDS, but can improve a patient’s quality of life and prolong survival when taken consistently. Over the last six years, the introduction of ARVs in Europe and the US has cut AIDS deaths by over 70%. In Brazil, the use of ARVs has cut AIDS mortality by 51% from 1996-1999." Accessmed FAQ Campaign for Access to Essential Medicines

    Campaign for Access to Essential Medicines Accessmed Home "One-third of the world’s population lacks access to essential medicines; in the poorest parts of Africa and Asia this figure rises to one-half. Too often in the countries where MSF works, we cannot treat our patients because the medicines are too expensive or they are no longer produced. Sometimes, the only drugs we have are highly-toxic or ineffective, and nobody is looking for a better treatment. Launched in November 1999, the MSF campaign has been working internationally to find long-term, sustainable solutions to this crisis. The Campaign is pushing to lower the prices of existing medicines in developing countries, to bring abandoned drugs back into production, to stimulate research and development for neglected diseases that primarily affect the poor, and to overcome other barriers to access." Also included: "How much does treatment for AIDS cost today? How low could the prices go?"
    "A triple-combination of ARVs costs $10,000 - $15,000 per patient per year in the US and Europe. However, generic drug producers have offered to sell the equivalent medicines for as low as $300 per patient/year. Competitive pressure from the generic producers, combined with public pressure on drug companies, has also pushed down the prices of branded drugs to around $700-$1000. MSF believes that with expanded production, prices could fall to as low as $200. At these levels, ARVs will be brought within reach of many more patients, and with international donor support, can be delivered to even more." Accessmed FAQ

    Conference Archive on Conference on March 14, 2002, Medecins Sans Frontieres/Doctors Without Borders (MSF) held a conference in New York to address the crisis in research and development (R&D) for drugs for neglected diseases. The Crisis of Neglected Diseases: Developing Treatments and Ensuring Access

    Campaign for Access to Essential Medicines Accessmed Home Untangling the Web of Price Reductions: a Pricing Guide for the Purchase of ARVs for Developing Countries 2nd Edition 1 July, 2002 Accessmed Reports and Publications "The report includes antiretroviral drugs, drugs used to treat a range of opportunistic infections, drugs for use in palliative care, drugs for the treatment of HIV/AIDS re-lated cancers and drugs for the management of opioid dependence. It also provides information on a range of test kits available for diagnosis of HIV..." "The prices listed generally apply in the context of bulk procurement i.e. the working unit is one batch. Although batch sizes vary greatly among formulations and manufacturers, the following sizes are typical: capsules and tablets in batches of 100,000 to 500,000 (these are not minimum purchases, batches of over 1 million are not uncommon); vials and bottles in batches of 5,000 to 20,000. Prices are ex-works (EXW) or free-on-board (FOB). They do not include the added cost of items such as freight, insurance, import duties or taxes. For this reason the prices quoted in this report cannot be compared with consumer prices. Many countries continue to impose considerable import duties and taxes on the price of essential drugs. In addition, wholesale and retail markups vary from one country to the other. As a result, the ex-works price is often less than half of the end-price to the consumer. The prices that are quoted do not reflect any contractual agreements or preferential pricing which manufacturers may have negotiated with individual countries. Information on the offers of donation and price reduction of antiretroviral drugs publicly announced by pharmaceutical manufacturers was not included in this report."

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    Some Current AIDS News Sites

  • ScienceDaily's HIV and AIDS News
  • Latest news by aidsmap
  • "All the latest worldwide HIV and AIDS news, including treatment, prevention, and hepatitis and TB co-infections."
  • Selected Major HIV/AIDS Web Sites
  • U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs
  • HIV / AIDS News
  • MedicalNewsToday

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    What are alternative treatments

  • Natural Health Strategies Against Aids

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    Send donations to the UN Foundation to help fight AIDS

    Donations to Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria through United Nations Foundation unfoundation.org United Nations Foundation

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    References and Links

  • AIDS in the digital age BMJ Website of the week. Links to HIV/AIDS online including: Megaportals, Treatment oriented, Treatment access, News services, Academic and research sites, libraries, databases, Discussion forums, including conference coverage
  • Ask NOAH About: AIDS and HIV - A very extensive library of links to everything AIDS - mostly conventional

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