Clean Water Availability and Sanitation Projects For Developing Countries


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    NOTICE: The lists on this page are not inclusive of all groups or individuals working in a particular locale and is incomplete. Inclusion on this list is not an endorsement by Global Crisis. The decision as to which group to contact is up to the user.
  • Water Availability and Sanitation Projects
    Last Updated: 26 May 2006 Link check: 26 May 2006

    This is an evolving resource. We appreciate any contributions to this page
    Fillout Form Response or email to problem database Email Addresses

    Q. We have heard that there are groups interested in helping communities obtain safe water. Can you help us?

    A. There are a number of governmental agencies and non governmental organizations (NGO) both national and international which are working in different parts of the world. Some NGO's concentrate on specific countries or regions, others are worldwide. Below is a list of these organizations and a number of sites you can go to for further information.

    For Major Links to Water Worldwide
    Select NGOs Working in the Provision of Clean Water and Sanitation
    Technical Information, Tutorials, Information on Water Development, Equipment & Procedures
    Major Resources, Research and Coordination on Global Level

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    WaterAid - Water for Life WaterAid is an international NGO dedicated exclusively to the provision of safe domestic water, sanitation and hygiene education to the world's poorest people.
    Water Links Worldwide provided by UNESCO "The Water Links Section of the UNESCO Water Portal provides a single interactive access point to water related websites around the world."
    Non-Governmental Organizations and Associations Links The Oxford Cntre for Water Research. Also available are the following links: Governmental and Inter-Governmental Links, University and Educational Links, Commercial Links, Water Publications
    International Organizations in Water and Sanitation
    Extensive country, international NGOs and UN listing of organizations involved in water and sanitation">WELL Links to Non-Governmental Organisations
    Water For Life -EU Water Initiative (pdf) - Internatinal Cooperations from Knowledge to Action.
    Contents: Policy framework, Principal policy instruments Five thousand years of water..., Balancing people and nature..., Safe water and sanitation, Cost-effective approaches that work, Catchment basin approaches, Strategies for reconciling multiple demands, Protecting mountainous upstream areas, Sustainable lowland-use and irrigation, Urbanisation and water, Coastal zone management, The way forward

    UNICEF's Water Environment & Sanitation (WES)
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    One of the basic causes of famine is insufficient clean water to live, water livestock, grow food, and prevent diseases which are conveyed by contaminated water sources. In many cases, this water may be very close to those who are suffering - underground, but they do not have the equipment or the knowledge to access this water source.

    "Permanent sources of clean, fresh water are needed in order to stop the drought/famine cycles that plague so many regions of the world. Over 50 nations are suffering needlessly because water is either scarce, contaminated or non-existent, although even during the most intensive droughts in arid, desert-like areas there is often groundwater available only 100 feet away. "
    Global Water

    A report "The Global Water Supply and Sanitation Assessment 2000" of the World Health Organization assesses the health risks of unclean water and hygiene practices. Extracts include: Health Hazards of Poor Water Supply and Sanitation Cholera Epidemics Health Benefits of Improved Water Supply and Sanitation International Development Targets for Water Supply and Sanitation Coverage wateraddendum1.doc

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    Care International Water and Sanitation Programs
    Global Water
    Global Water is an international non-profit, non-sectarian, non-governmental humanitarian organization solely committed to the development of safe water supplies and related health programs worldwide. Since 1981, Global Water has worked with water supply projects all over the world by providing program management, technical assistance and funding for water supply projects in rural areas impacted by drought and natural disasters. As part of its emergency relief efforts, the organization distributed 50,000 disinfection tablets in 1999 primarily through humanitarian organization partners operating medical clinics in developing countries.

    But temporary handouts during emergency crises, unfortunately, cannot solve long-term regional health and other famine-related problems. Global Water's strategy is to provide permanent solutions to meet a region's water needs by providing appropriate equipment, including state-of-the-art technology. This includes well drilling equipment to drill new water wells to allow rural populations access to safe, clean groundwater, and to purify, store, and distribute new sources of water for domestic uses, such as drinking, cooking and hygiene, as well as agricultural purposes.

    The goal is to make a genuine, lasting impact in rural regions around the world, and wipe out the root cause of hunger, disease and poverty by providing safe water supplies. Contact by email:

    Lifewater Canada
    French and English

    Site which has a great deal of training material, equipment specs, and how-to, and community relations on-line
    We construct 3-inch (8 cm) diameter wells on which we place a hand pump. The average cost of a well and hand pump is $1,500. Many Communities have been provided with new, safe water supplies. Each well typically serves 200 to 500 people. These programs are based on:

    LifeWater International
    email Morro Bay Headquarters
    Local men and women are provided with the equipment, knowledge and hands-on experience they need to construct good water wells. We construct 3-inch (8 cm) diameter wells on which we place a hand pump. The average cost of a well and hand pump is $1,500 which serves 200-500 people.
    American Water Relief Atty. Richard D'Agostino
    will improve the quality of life for rural inhabitants in the less developed countries of Latin America and the Caribbean. AWR's activities, aside from helping fund the construction of drinking water and waste disposal systems, also include water source protection, water user training and hygiene education.
    Must have 25% matching funds, installation by other groups. Must meet strong criteria regarding type of installation and where (isolated village or peri-urban slum)
    1. Community Participation 2. Sustainability 3. Environmental Protection 4. Training and education 5. Health Education 6. Water and Sanitation (water and wastewater (latrines) as a package 7. Matching Money (at least 25% by other parties) 8. Project Overhead (will cover no more than 10% of development project costs)
    Water For People email:
    Countries - Rural Community Development: Guatemala, Honduras, Bolivia, Malawi, India
    Countries - Urban Community Development: Tanzania, Kenya, Malawi, Uganda, Zambia
    Working through local nongovernmental and community-based partner organizations, Water For People provides the financial and technical resources for villagers to dig wells, install pipes and put in neighborhood tapstands so women and children don't have to walk miles to scoop out dirty river water to drink and cook with. Depending on the community's need, WFP may help residents build latrines to contain waste and stop the spread of disease-causing bacteria. Teaching hygiene practices and helping people in developing countries understand the relationship between germs and disease are also important in saving lives. In the rural areas of developing countries, Water For People tends to fund small projects, between $500 to $25,000. Water For People also works on with the many stakeholders involved in braining safe drinking water to the urban poor. A recent example is the "Water For Africa" effort with funding support from the US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). A past effort with USEPA entailed technical and managerial assistance in Poland, Hungary, Bulgaria, Slovakia and Ukraine. Water For People is unique in that it is the exclusive "charity of choice" of the North American water community as represented through its relationship with and support from the 55,000 members of American Water Works Association (AWWA). Additional funding support comes from public and private water utilities, water industry corporations, small and large foundations and individuals.
    Mvula Trust
    Partnerships for Sustainability The Mvula Trust Experience Paper presented as a case study at the HTN 2000 Workshop 6-10 March 2000 Hyderabad, India By Martin Rall Use of demand response, community empowerment, involvement of private subcontractors, village committee authority over project funds, and ceiling on permissible capital cost per capita have resulted in a higher success rate in the development and sustainability of water projects. "Use of demand responsive approach, based on maximum community responsibility and management, has led to a heightened sense of ownership in most communities, and willingness to pay. Genuine community empowerment has been achieved on a scale not matched by any other agency in South Africa Mvula's decision to play a facilitating role, and to involve the private sector as subcontractors to the Water Committees, has enabled a relatively large amount of work to be implemented with a relatively small compliment of Mvula staff. This approach also builds on and develops existing capacity in the sector, which will thus be available to be used by the WSP and local government after project completion. Mvula's unique approach to managing project funds, which is to give exclusive authority to village committees over project bank accounts, has had its problems, but in terms of the honest use of the funds, has been a great success. In relation to the cost effectiveness of the Mvula approach, the application of a ceiling on the permissible capital cost per capita has been very successful in encouraging creative designs and more appropriate technologies. The average cost per capita of a Mvula scheme is less than a third of that of government schemes. In addition, the cost of water on Mvula schemes is much more affordable, and the complexity of their management generally lower, due to the policy of insisting on designs which ensure this. Less than 5% of schemes require chemical treatment of water, for example."

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    Lifewater Handpumps & drilling resources >Detailed and Graphic Technical Notes on the development of water resources, sanitation, and supply in developing countries provided by Lifewater International Handpumps, drilling wells, other water resources, sanitation, Water Quality Testing and Treatment, health and hygiene, water conservation.
    Water For the World graphic technical notes include:
    * Community Participation
    * Operation and Maintenance Training
    * Simple Excreta and Washwater Disposal
    * Combined Excreta and Washwater Disposal
    * Solid Waste Disposal
    * Surface Water
    * Ground Water
    * Water Treatment
    * Water Distribution
    * Water Storage
    * Water Supply, Sanitation and Disease
    * Specific Diseases

    Lifewater Canada has developed a tutorial which is available on line - A 100 page detailed guide to well drilling and hand pump installation provides technical instructions needed to construct safe drinking water wells.
    Life Water Canada provides a number of other technical bulletins * Drilling & Handpump Construction (Test Yourself On-Line!!) * Water Well Record (Blank) * Community Water Supply Agreement (Example) * Making Water Safe to Drink (Technical Bulletin) * Make an Electric Water Level Meter! (Technical Bulletin) * Assess Natural Clay for Use As Drill Mud (Technical Bulletin) * Methods for Grouting Casing (Technical Bulletin) * Bush Pump (Technical Bulletin)
    Hand Dug Wells: Choice of Technology and Construction Manual by Stephen P. Abbott from the World Bank Group
    Mr. Stephen P. Abbott, a handdug well specialist with wide experience in South Asia, Africa, and the Americas, has prepared a construction manual for hand dug wells that includes (i) a detailed equipment list for construction, (ii) specifications, and (iii) a bill of quantities. An extensive list of technical drawings is available in PDF or html file format. Lists of Technical Drawings
    HandDugWells:Choice of Technology and Construction Manual, by StephenP.Abbott Lists of Technical Drawings, Caisson Lined Well, In-situ Lined Well, In-situ Lined Well, In-situ Lined Well, Cover Slab with Pump and Acc Cover, Most Common Cover Detail(110cm), Variation1 Cover Detail(150cm), Variation2
    World Bank Group Water Sources groundwater | groundwater recharge | rainwater | surface water Source Works boreholes | hand drilled wells | hand dug wells Distribution Systems corrosion control | storage tanks | unaccounted-for-water reduction | water meters Water Pumps handpumps | motorized pumps | solar pumps | water pumps - general | wind powered pumps Water Quality Standards water quality monitoring | water quality standards - general Water Treatment Processes water treatment
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  • Development Marketplace Together, Turning Ideas Into Action Development Marketplace (DM) is a competitive grant program of the World Bank that funds innovative, small-scale development projects that deliver results and show potential to be expanded or replicated
    List of winners 20067 Majority of the winners were programs dealing with water, irrigation, sanitation, desalination, pumps Read descriptions on the winning entries.
  • World Water Assessment Programme "The UNESCO Water Portal is intended to enhance access to information related to freshwater available on the World Wide Web."
  • The 2nd UN World Water Development Report: 'Water, a shared responsibility' Published : March 2006
  • 4th World Water Forum in Mexico City Wealth of information and reports available in English and Spanish. March 16-22, 2006
  • The WELL resource centre for water, sanitation and environmental health "WELL is a resource centre network providing access to information and support in water, sanitation and environmental health for the Department for International Development (DFID) of the British Government" and Technical Enquiry Service - up to one day of free advice is available to officials and staff of the following: DFID, Southern Government Ministries, Departments, Agencies and Utilities, Multilateral Agencies and International Finance Institutions (IFIs), Non-governmental organisation (NGOs), and online resources for all. . Managed by a core team led by: WEDC: Water, Engineering and Development Centre, Loughborough University (WELL Central Office, UK) Working in partnership with: IRC: International Water and Sanitation Centre (The Netherlands) and LSHTM: London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (UK) The WELL Core Team works in collaboration with 6 network partners: AMREF: African Medical and Research Foundation (Kenya), ICDDR-B: Centre for Health and Population Research (Bangladesh), IWSD: The Institute of Water and Sanitation Development (Zimbabwe), NETWAS: International Network for Water and Sanitation (Kenya), NWRI: National Water Resources Institute (Nigeria), SEUF: Social and Economic Unit Foundation (India), TREND: Training, Research and Networking for Development (Ghana
  • The WHO and UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation (JMP) provides a snapshot of water supply and sanitation worldwide at the turn of the millennium using information available from different sources.
    WHO water sanitation health "WHO works on aspects of water, sanitation and hygiene where the health burden is high, where interventions could make a major difference and where the present state of knowledge is poor"
  • Resource for World Bank Group Member Countries
    "... the World Bank Group strives to help its member countries ensure that everyone has access to efficient, responsive and sustainable water and sanitation services."
    Major themes include: Rural Water & Sanitation, Urban Water & Sanitation Partnership Program. Also contains resources, links to relevant sites, publications
  • The University of Oxford Centre for Water Research (OCWR) "... brings together leading water researchers in Oxford and draws on the full range of expertise in the University to provide solutions to global water problems. The Centre contributes to developing a greater understanding of the key scientific, socio-economic, political, and institutional issues that underpin sustainable water use. Its work is focused on a range of issues including resource and management problems in water scarce regions of the globe, the political ecology of water in urban areas, and the historical and current development of governance and citizenship in relation to water"
  • Sanitation Connection (English and Arabic)
    A World Wide Web-based resource intended to facilitate access to information on sanitation by forming an international partnership to offer a comprehensive Internet resource to environmental sanitation practitioners.
    Sanitation Connection is administered by the World Health Organization who plays the leading management role and convenes the core group as required. Day-to-day implementation of Sanitation Connection is undertaken by the Water and Engineering Development Centre at the University of Loughborough (WEDC) and IRC International Water and Sanitation Center. The Water and Sanitation Program administers the Sanitation Connection Help Desk.
    Partners include:
    The International Water Association Foundation; The United Nations Environment Programme, Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities (GPA); The Water and Sanitation Program; The World Health Organization; and The Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council.
  • Water Supply & Sanitation Collaborative Council
    New Campaign: WASH - Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for All
    Saving Lives Through Sanitation and Hygiene
    "The Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council is a leading international organisation that enhances collaboration in the water supply and sanitation sector, specifically in order to attain universal coverage of water and sanitation services for poor people around the world. WSSCC is really a cross between a professional association and an international NGO. It operates with a mandate from the United National General Assembly.

    The mission of the Council is “to accelerate the achievement of sustainable water, sanitation and waste management services to all people, with special attention to the unserved poor, by enhancing collaboration among developing countries and external support agencies and through concerted action programmes”.
  • World Water Day March 2006
    English, French, Arabic
  • InterWater
    International Organizations in Water and Sanitation
    Extensive country, international NGOs and UN listing of organizations involved in water and sanitation

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