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Animal CPR    
What to do and how to do instructions, procedures and links to emergency help for dog, cat, bird - not breathing, no pulse, unconscious, heart attack, trauma, electric shock, drowning, freezing, smoke inhalation, blocked air channels, Heimlich for choking, obstructed air passage, asthma, drowning
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ANIMAL & BIRD EMERGENCY CPR & HEIMLICH MANEUVER
Animal choking, not breathing or not responding.
Link check: 4 October 2008 Last new links added: 4 October 2008

For Poisoning, go to Animal Poison Emergency


External Links to CPR for DOGS         Click for in-page CPR instruction Dog and Cat     return
Order of links is more or less random present."
  • American Red Cross - Pet First Aid Gives graphic descriptions of what to do and how: CPR and Rescue Breathing, Choking, Fractures.
  • Highland Animal Sanctuary Go down to middle of page. Very good treatment of CPR for dogs or cats.
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) Saving a Life PetPlace.org veterinarians
  • Animal CPR Brochure format Primarily aimed at EMS and Emergency Medical personnel who encounter animals in arrest. Pet owners should consult their veterinarian for specific details on procedures outlined here.


    External Links to CPR for CATS         Click for in-page CPR instruction Dog and Cat     return
    order of links is more or less random
  • First Aid and Emergency Care CPR VeterinaryPartner
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) Saving a Life PetPlace.org veterinarians
  • Highland Animal Sanctuary Very good treatment of CPR for dogs or cats.
  • Catsworld CPR Instructions
  • Do you know what to do to try and save your cat? Detailed instructions on CPR (artificial breathing and heart massage)
  • CPR instructions On the health and Care InforCenter page look in index for CPR.
  • Very good check lists for all types of problems. Vital Signs and Symptoms, feline CPR, Shock and what to do.


    CPR for BIRDS   return
  • Avian CPR Kathleen Smith, Wingwise. Excellent discussion of CPR and Rescue Breathing with pictures.
  • Bird CPR Pet Guardian Angels of America Short and concise adopted from book by Dr. Chris C. Pinney DVM.
  • Bird CPR getbirdbrains (same as above but different format from book by Dr. Chris C. Pinney DVM.). (also cats and dogs CPR and Choking)
  • CPR for Birds by exoticpetvet.net


    HOW TO HELP - BREATHING AND CPR PROCEDURE IN BRIEF (DOGS AND CATS)   return
    If for any reason you can not get above sites, the instructions below may help you save the life of your dog or cat.
    It attempts to combine the information in the other sites covering areas which all sites do not cover. However, if you follow only these instructions, you do so at your own risk since this page has NOT been approved by a DVM.


    CPR in brief for DOGS and CATS and Precautions to take
           Also, see 'Detailed Points of Procedures and Precautions Revisited' below
  • [1] if animal drowning and is not conscious or breathing:
      a. do not attempt to remove water. See
    details first.
      b. using the Heimlich Maneuver may be successful in      drowning cases when all else has failed.
  • [2] if animal obviously choking, do Heimlich Maneuver.
  • [3] otherwise, check if breathing. Even if unconscious, check for shallow breathing. If yes go no further.
  • [4] straighten neck if not possible trauma or break to neck.
  • [5] do not attempt to check for pulse. See details first.
  • [6] straighten tongue if doubled back, protecting self from reflexive bite (even if animal unconscious).
  • [7] Looking at what you are doing, clear out any mucus, phlegm or vomit. Remove any visible blockage carefully (so as not to push further in). Do not do a blind finger sweep. Animals have a bone at the deep in the throat at the base of the tongue which is the hyoid apparatus or Adam's apple which can be mistaken for obstruction or chicken bone. Great damage can be done by pulling on this.
  • [8] if breathing, do not go further.
  • [9] close animal's mouth and breathe gently but firmly into nose (directly with mouth over nose or using air tight cupped hand). Chest should rise and fall with each of your breaths. After each breath, release you mouth to allow lungs to deflate. Amount of air must fit the size of the animal - just enough for chest to rise and fall.
  • [10] if still your breath does not go through, hold nose shut with one finger and blow into the mouth holding sides of mouth air tight as possible.
  • [11] If breath still not going through, do Heimlich Maneuver.
  • [12] otherwise, if breathing, do not continue. Further forced breathing or CPR could hurt animal.
  • [13] if not breathing, go to number 6 above and repeat process until a passage is clear. A passage must be clear in order for breathing/chest compression cycle to be successful.
  • [14] Procedure breathing/chest compression(CPR) cycle (CPR) - With animal lying on its right side, put heel (fingers for small animal) of one hand on the rib cage (where middle of foreleg touches chest when folded).
    Rate: Do 2 breaths (as above) and then 5 rib cage compressions. (each breath or compression approximately once every 2 seconds). Do smooth steady compressions. Always be aware of size of animal while doing the compressions - you are as if massaging the heart, not pushing it out of its place. See
    Timing of each breath or compression
  • [15] continue breathing and chest compression until signs of
    life or self breathing.

    After 20 minutes there is little possibility that animal can be saved. See Time before stopping CPR


  • Click here for Detailed Points of Procedure CPR in Dogs and Cats


    Precautions revisited:

  • if possible neck or back injury, do not tilt or straighten neck of animal.
  • do not attempt to remove water from a drowning animal.
  • do not check for pulse.
  • place a soft block of something at beginning of mouth to avoid automatic biting down while attempting to straighten the tongue or remove blockage.
  • animals have a bone at the base of the tongue which is the Adam's apple and can be mistaken for obstruction or chicken bone. Does much harm to dog if pulled on.
  • amount of air blown into the animals lungs must fit the size of the animal - just enough to cause its chest area to rise and than fall - and no more. Release your mouth each time to allow for exhale.
  • compression of chest must fit size of animal. Enough to help heart circulate blood, not to rearrange wheree heart sits.
  • constantly check for self breathing or movement.
  • CPR is usually done with the animal laying on its right side.
  • stop life saving efforts if animal is breathing or moving. Further breathing or CPR could hurt animal.
  • do not practice the Heimlich Maneuver for real on an animal, only where to place hands, etc.



  • Heimlich Maneuver    return to CPR procedure in brief
    References
  • Choking and Heimlich Maneuver - cats
  • Heimlich For Your Dog
    If for any reason you can not get above sites, the instructions below may help you save the life of your dog or cat.
    It attempts to combine the information in the other sites covering areas which all sites do not cover. However, if you follow only these instructions, you do so at your own risk since this page has not been approved by a DVM.

    HEIMLICH MANEUVER FOR DOGS AND CATS IN BRIEF - for animal choking, having asthma attack, or when rescue breathing can not go through (conscious or unconscious). See details and explanations below.

  • [1] protecting self from reflexive bite (even if animal unconscious), straighten tongue if doubled back.
  • [2] remove any visible blockage carefully (not push further in). Do not do a blind finger sweep. Look at what you are doing. Animals have a bone at the deep in the throat at the base of the tongue which is the hyoid apparatus or Adam's apple which can be mistaken for obstruction or chicken bone. Great damage can be done by pulling on this.
  • [3] if breathing, do not go further.
  • [4] with animal on all fours, or held on hind legs, or rarely lying.
  • [5] place one fist below last rib and use other arm to steady (do not use arms to squeeze).
  • [6] jerk fist in an inward-up motion just enough to push air from lungs to expel object from windpipe. Always keep in mind the size of animal.
  • [7] if breathing, stop.
  • [8] else, do mouth check for possible manual extraction.
  • [9] if animal still choking, repeat procedure.
  • [10] if animal unconscious, check for clear air passage ways using breathing-CPR procedure above.

  • Do not do this procedure for practice. May cause damage to animal. Only hand placement may be practiced, but not actual pushing.


    Click here for Detailed Points of Procedure Heimlich Maneuver in Dogs and Cats


    How Long before Stopping   return
    Sites indicating amount of time (in minutes) to do CPR procedures before stopping.
  • Cpr Certification Classes.com 20
  • Redcross.org 20
  • Petplace.com 20
  • 21cats.org 30
  • PetPlace.com 20


    How often to do breathing & how many compressions to one breath   return
  • henryhbk
    Breathing: 1 breath every 3 seconds
    CPR: 15 compressions - 2 breaths (3 compressions every 2 seconds)
  • Doggie CPR
    Breathing: 1 breath every 2 seconds
    CPR: 10 compressions - 2 breaths (1 compression every 2 seconds)
  • Pet Guardian Angels of America
    Breathing: 1 breath every 5 seconds
    CPR: 10 compressions - 1 breath
  • Cpr-certification from 'Pet First Aid' American Red Cross and Humane Society of the United States.
    Breathing: 1 breath every 2-3 seconds (depending on size)
    CPR: 3-5 compressions - 1 breath (depending on number of people)
  • 21cats.org
    Breathing: 1 breath every 2-4 seconds.
    CPR: about 60-80 times per minute.
  • PetPlace.com
    Breathing: For dogs over 30 pounds, give 20 breaths per minute (1 breath every 3 seconds).
    CPR: For dogs over 30 pounds, 5 compressions for each breath
    CPR: For dogs over 100 pounds, 10 compressions for each breath
    Breathing: For dogs less than 30 pounds, give 20 to 30 breaths per minute (1 breath every 2-3 seconds).
    CPR: For dogs less than 30 pounds, 5 compressions for each breath


    Classes, Publications and First Aid Kits   return
  • Pet Tech training center first aid and cpr for dogs and cats "The first international training center dedicated to First Aid, CPR & Care for dogs and cats.
    PetSaverô Training is a one-day course designed for pet owners as well as Pet Care Professionals.
    Pet Tech Instructor (PTI) Training is a three-day course that will train you to teach the PetSaverô course to pet owners andPet Care Professionals in your area. In most U.S. states, Canada and Mexico at present."
  • American Red Cross - Pet First Aid Class Offers Peace of Mind Provides map of American Red Cross Chapters Offering Pet First Aid Courses.
  • Stock a Pet First Aid Kit
    Red Cross animal first aid kit Gives a list of chapters selling kits online.
  • Book on Pet First Aid
    "Will you know what to do when your pet needs help? The American Red Cross, the nation's largest humanitarian organization and The Humane Society of the United States, the nation's largest animal protection organization, teamed up to help people help their pets. This helpful first aid reference provides guidance for the more than 60 million U.S. households in which 110 million cats and dogs live. Tips for keeping your pet happy and healthy are also included. The soft-covered book with lay-flat binding is 128 pages long, and features more than 130 illustrations."
    Has following chapters: Learn how to... Administer medications, Recognize an emergency, Perform CPR and first aid, Treat common problems and emergencies requiring immediate attention, source
    For ordering information, contact the local chapter of the American Red Cross
  • Red Cross Store
    Be Red Cross Ready Safety Series Vol. 2: Dog First Aid $16.95
    Be Red Cross Ready Safety Series Vol. 3: Cat First Aid $16.95


    Make your own animal first aid kit - other useful links   return
  • Emergency! Are You Prepared? Good list of links to various disaster preparation, how to make first aid kits for different animals, first aid for various animals, and guide to many other related sites.

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